Background. Soviet holidays continue to play a major role in shaping social and political culture in modern Russia. The International Women’s Day acts as a legacy of the USSR. The study of the Soviet experience in the relationship of women and the state is of great importance for understanding modern social processes. The aim of the work is to analyze the Bolshevik slogans on the March 8, published in the local periodicals of the Bryansk region.
Materials and methods. The implementation of research tasks was achieved on the basis of using documents and materials received in the Russian State Library, the State Archives of the Bryansk Region, the Bryansk Regional Universal Library, the State Public Historical Library of Russia. Original copies of the local periodical press of 1917–1926 devoted to the International Women’s Day occupy the main place. The research methodology includes: a historical – comparative method, which made it possible to identify the common and distinctive features of March 8th in different years; chronological method – thanks to him, events are arranged in their temporal sequence; statistical method – giving the opportunity to analyze data on participants in events.
Results. The main directions of activities for the involvement of women in production and in public life are investigated. Local press articles reveal the official position on the International Women’s Day, emphasize the need to use holidays for campaigning and propaganda purposes.
Conclusions. Studying the history of the formation of the holiday March 8th in Bryansk region makes it possible to understand the general Soviet attitude of the authorities towards a woman, in the conditions of building a new state.
1. Shapovalov S. N. Istoricheskaya transformatsiya rossiyskikh (sovetskikh) gosudarstvennykh prazdnikov v 1917–1991 gg. (na materialakh Krasnodarskogo kraya i Rostovskoy oblasti): avtoref. dis. kand. ist. nauk [Historical transformation of Russia (Soviet) state holidays in 1917–1991 (on the materials of Krasnodar and Rostov regions): author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of historical sciences]. Krasnodar, 2011, 26 p. [In Russian]
2. Krupskaya N. K. 8 marta – Mezhdunarodnyy zhenskiy den' [March 8th – the International Women’s Day]. Bryansk worker. 1928, 1 Mar. [In Russian]
3. Kollontay A. M. Izbrannye stat'i i rechi [Selected articles and speeches]. Moscow: Politizdat, 1972, 430 p. [In Russian]
4. Lenivikhina N. O. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Volgograd State Pedagogical University]. 2016, no. 2 (106), pp. 196–203. [In Russian]
5. Koretskiy N. S. Sovetskie prazdniki i obryady kak faktor sovershenstvovaniya dukhovnykh osnov sotsialisticheskogo obraza zhizni [Soviet holidays and rites as a factor of imrpovement of spiritual foundations of the socialistic ways of life]. Kiev, 1984, 193 p. [In Russian]
6. 8-go marta Mezhdunarodnyy den' rabotnits, den' bor'by vsego rabochego klassa za osvobozhdenie ot iga kapitala [The 8th of March is the International Day of women workers, the struggle of the entire working class for liberation from the yoke of capital]. Young proletarian. 1923, 8 Mar. [In Russian]
7. Kollontay A. M. Izvestiya Bryanskogo uezdnogo ispolkoma Sovetov rabochikh, krest'-yanskikh i krasnoarmeyskikh deputatov [Proceedings of Bryansk district executive committee of Councils of workers’, peasants’ and red army’s deputies]. 1919, 8 Mar., no. 51. 8 Mar. [In Russian]
8. Sotsialisticheskoe zhenskoe dvizhenie v Rossii [Socialist women’s movement in Russia]. Bryansk worker. 1923, 8 Mar. [In Russian]
9. Rabotnitsa i krest'yanka [Worker and peasant woman]. Bryansk worker. 1923, 8 Mar. [In Russian]
10. 8 marta [The 8th of March]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
11. Fogel' A. 8 marta v gorode i v derevne [The 8th of March in the city and in the village]. Moscow; Leningrad, 1928, 68 p. [In Russian]
12. Izvestiya Bryanskogo uezdnogo ispolkoma Sovetov rabochikh, krest'yanskikh i krasnoarmeyskikh deputatov [Proceedings of Bryansk district executive committee of Councils of workers’, peasants’ and red army’s deputies]. 1919, 8 Mar., no. 51. [In Russian]
13. Lenin i raskreposhchenie zhenshchin [Lenin and emancipation of women]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
14. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Bryanskoy oblasti [State Archive of Bryansk region]. F. 16. Op. 2. D. 124. L. 26, 26 ob. [In Russian]
15. Sobranie uzakoneniy RSFSR [Collected laws of RSFSR]. 1926, no. 82. [In Russian]
16. Likvidatsiya negramotnosti sredi krest'yanok [Elimination of illiteracy among peasant women]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
17. Kozlova N. N. Zhenshchina v rossiyskom obshchestve [The woman in the Russian society]. 2011, no. 1, pp. 36–44. [In Russian]
18. Rastem [Growing]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
19. Krest'yanka v sovete i kooperative [The peasant woman in a council and a cooperative]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
20. Pomoshch' krest'yanke [Help to a peasant woman]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
21. Nash aktiv [Our activists]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
22. Aktiv rabotnits i krest'yanok v partii [Active worker and peasant women in the party]. Bryansk worker. 1926, 7 Mar. [In Russian]
23. Alferova I. V. Istorik, dokument, tsenzura. Istochnikovedcheskie i istoriograficheskie aspekty izucheniya istorii otechestvennoy i zarubezhnoy periodiki: sb. st. [Historian, document, censorship. Historical and historiographic apsects of studying the history of Russian and foreign periodicals: collected articles]. Saint-Petersburg, 2015, pp. 194–204. [In Russian]